There are numerous benefits to doing exercise when you’re older; it’s good for the heart, improves mood, helps with better socialization, and decreases the risk of developing age-related diseases.
Exercising is good for the heart
Exercise is beneficial for the cardiovascular system because it ensures a greater dilation of the heart's blood vessels, thus allowing the heart to function with less effort. The heart is required to exert less effort with each beat due to an improved use of oxygen by the muscles. What's more, regular exercise reduces the heart rate both at rest and during exercise. It improves circulation and decreases the blood pressure.
Exercise increases good cholesterol levels
Exercising helps prevent cardiovascular disease by increasing HDL cholesterol (the so-called good cholesterol), improves insulin sensitivity, reduces the complications of diseases like arthritis, diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease, reduces body fat, and decreased the risk of developing certain cancers, especially colon and breast cancer. Physically active elderly people also tend to exhibit a more gradual reduction in respiratory efficiency.
Aerobic and strength exercises help to strengthen bones and muscles, thus counteracting muscle and bone mass loss. This renders the individual less fragile and able to perform day-to-day activities independently, with a decreased risk of falls and potential injuries and fractures. Exercise also slows down the degeneration of the neurons, the nervous system cells responsible for numerous functions, such as the ability to react to external stimuli.
Exercising at any age has the advantage of improving quality of life by increasing social interaction, which is useful for preventing loneliness. Having fun doing group activities helps improve mood, especially during the winter months.