Get all the answers to your questions: from understanding the difference between physical activity and physical fitness, to knowing what checks should be carried out before starting an exercise.
What is physical activity?
Physical activity means any bodily movement produced by the contraction of muscles that results in an increase in energy expenditure compared to baseline consumption.
What is physical fitness?
This term refers to the ability to perform daily activities with vigor while reserving part of your energy for leisure activities or emergency situations.
What constitutes physical fitness?
'Physical fitness' or physical efficiency can be grouped into two categories:
- Health-related physical fitness: This includes muscular strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility and body composition
- Performance-related physical fitness: This includes balance, coordination, speed, reaction time, agility and power.
What is resilience?
Resilience is the body's ability to adapt to certain stimuli. Certain organs, such as the heart and muscles, respond to exercise or physical activity by changing their structures and improving their functionality.
What is maximum oxygen consumption?
This is the maximum rate at which oxygen can be extracted, distributed and used during physical activity. Its measurement is important because it allows us to assess the performance of trained individuals, as well as the cardiopulmonary reserve of sedentary and elderly people or individuals who occasionally do some form of physical activity. The greater the consumption of oxygen, the greater the efficiency of the cardiorespiratory system.
What checks should be done before doing physical activity?
A general check-up by your doctor is important, but it might be more useful to consult a sports physician for a more complete assessment. A blood pressure measurement and a stress test are recommended in order to verify whether your heart can sustain physical activity without any problems.
What should I do to ‘get in shape’?
In order to get in shape, it is necessary to develop the basic components of physical fitness, which are: strength, flexibility and aerobic capacity.
What is aerobic capacity?
This is the ability of the cardiovascular system (heart, lungs, and blood vessels) to supply fuel (oxygen) to the muscles used during movement: It is closely linked to your overall health.
What is the minimum amount of physical activity a person should do?
Recent international guidelines suggest a minimum of approximately 150 minutes of moderate physical activity a week. In the case of intense activity, 75 minutes a week is sufficient. There is a simple and effective way to determine whether the intensity is excessive: If you're able to carry on a conversation during training without becoming short of breath, the level of stress is within the range of moderate-intensity aerobic activity.