A word that can very well be used in many circumstances, objects and abstract entities: we use daily smartphones and smartwatches, which give us advanced features compared to their predecessors; we watch smart TVs, which integrate traditional television with Internet technology, and we hope for smart working, based on flexibility, autonomy and a greater sense of responsibility.
In recent years, we have also heard about the concept of a smart city and smart districts
How to turn a city into a smart city
- 1. Intelligent public car parks, perhaps located outside the smart city but well connected to the centre by modern public transport infrastructures
- 2. Production of biogas from waste, using waste from city landfills to produce clean energy
- 3. Green buildings, certified according to energy efficiency standards
- 4. Green areas and parks
- 5. Renewable energy sources within the city to ensure the metropolitan energy needs without relying on fossil fuels or external networks
- 6. Digital communication, through the use of apps that spread data via smartphones and tablets, for better control of traffic and mobility
- 7. IT systems for energy efficiency, to reduce waste and monitor consumption in real time
- 8. Car sharing
- 9. Online management of car parks, which will allow us book your parking space through the Internet and thus limit queues, traffic and the resulting environmental pollution
- 10. Shared commitment: indeed, none of this would be possible without the commitment and collaboration of human capital.
Efficiency, sustainability, mobility and, inevitably, technology
In 2011, the Smart City Expo World Congress was also born, a stage and place for ideas discussion and exchange between companies, governments, institutions and public administrations, on issues concerning digital transformations, development of the urban environment, mobility, governance, economy, collaboration and inclusiveness of the cities of the future.
The importance of the smart city for the protection of the environment
Given these premises, it is clear that there is an urgent need to find solutions to prevent future difficulties and improve the living conditions, as well as the necessity of doing so by adopting a long-term perspective. These changes will indeed require time to be developed and implemented, as well as patience to take root in the natural behaviour of citizens.
The smart city is the solution to respond to these emergencies
The “smartest” parts of a smart city
Here are some examples of the innovations a smart city should have
As far as the application of technological tools to the material management of the city is concerned, projects have been launched concerning street lighting and the installation of intelligent traffic lights, to improve traffic and ensure faster travel for emergency vehicles in the event of danger. Car sharing and the presence of numerous recharging points for electric cars discourage the use of private and gasoline powered cars, while the use of sensors that indicate the state of the rubbish bins in real time guarantees prompt intervention to optimise the service and ensure urban decorum.
Smart Nation, whose claim is "transforming Singapore through technology", has been active in Singapore since 2014. In the smart city of Southeast Asia there are, in fact, initiatives to improve and simplify the lives of citizens, to create new business opportunities and to build a more supportive and cooperative community. The government has identified a number of strategic projects, such as National Digital Identity and e-Payments, Smart Nation Sensor, Smart Urban Mobility, and incentives aimed at improving the quality of life of families, especially after the birth of a child.
A smart city is "smart" if it is at the forefront of infrastructure and technology, if it is economically competitive, if it offers services and solutions, but especially if it is inhabited by smart citizens who want to question their habits, adopt new patterns of behaviour and adapt with confidence to the inevitable changes they face.