Football is an intermittent, high-intensity sport that requires a high level of aerobic fitness as well as optimal anaerobic capabilities. During a football game, the typical distance covered by a high-level player varies on average from 10 to 13 km, most of which can be covered at low intensity. In addition to a purely basic aerobic activity, there are also high-intensity actions, characterized by accelerations, sprints, changes of direction, jumps, lateral steps, plating and specific technical movements.
These actions, besides being the most interesting moments in a football match, are sometimes also the most decisive. Obviously, each player has his or her own player profile determined by individual genetic skills and the specific requirements of the role played. Therefore, it is important that athletic trainers and coaches have access to objective data on the physical state of the athlete during the season; this, in addition to talent selection and training purposes, can also be used as feedback and motivating factor for the players. In this respect, physical evaluation tests are indispensable to obtain detailed information before and during the competitive period.