A simple guide to the two types of training
Essentially this is ‘cardio’, or it can take the longer name of ‘cardiovascular exercise’. During aerobic exercise, oxygen is the preferred energy source. This type of training tends to take place over a longer period of time and causes your heart rate to rise and your breathing to become faster and harder.
The opposite of aerobic exercise is anaerobic and actually translates to ‘without oxygen’. This type of training is hard, fast and short. Instead of oxygen being the primary energy source, when you’re taking part in anaerobic exercise, glucose is broken down for immediate, fast energy.
Which is best for me?
There’s pros and cons to both aerobic and anaerobic exercise:
- Anaerobic exercise is generally seen as the best training for muscle training and bone strengthening. It’s also known to be good for weight loss. However, because of the intensity of anaerobic training, it’s not usually something that should be done every day, as it can be quite a burden on the body. Some types of anaerobic training can also place a lot of stress on joints and muscles; think of jumping exercises - doing these continually can be quite jarring for our knees, hips and ankles!
- Aerobic exercise is great for heart and lung health. In fact, it’s great for anyone who is new to exercise as it builds up stamina and endurance. Aerobic exercise is also actively encouraged as a way to help avoid illnesses including type 2 diabetes, heart disease and strokes. Plus, it’s great for improving a bad mood - try heading out for a walk when you’re feeling stressed, anxious or angry; you might just feel better!