Broadly speaking, “resistance training” encompasses all those exercises in which the body moves against a resistance. Likewise, “resistance” is any object that makes a movement harder to perform. Therefore, within the category of resistance training, one can find training categories ranging from bodyweight training and calisthenics to exercises with selectorised strength equipment, or from exercises with elastic resistance to weightlifting sessions.
Starting with the Plate Loaded Line Pure, the gym equipment line that combines the comfort of selectorised machines with the "direct" weightlifting feeling. Nonetheless, Technogym also has a wide range of benches and racks, as well as a line of barbells and dumbbells for those users seeking the best weightlifting experience.
Different resistances for different goals
Lastly, accommodating resistances change as speed, torque and acceleration change. The perfect example of an accomodating resistance is water. The faster the acceleration of the movement, the harder it is to perform a movement and the stronger the resistance of the water.
Training with different resistances means seeking different objectives. Indeed, resistance training is adopted for a variety of purposes. For instance, athletes create specific workouts where they add up resistances to the gestures they normally do, so to develop either endurance or power to their movements. At the same time, bodybuilders heavily focus on weightlifting exercises, and thus on constant resistances, to build muscle mass.
Benefits and limitations of resistance training
Naturally, resistance training encompasses all the benefits offered by physical activity, such as health improvement, reduction of various chronic diseases and mood improvement, though some benefits are more or less acute to specific demographics.
Nonetheless, resistance training still has some barriers, especially in certain demographics. In particular, as reported by in two studies by Kilpatrick M. et al. and by Harne AJ. et al, college-age girls associate resistance training with overly tiring workouts, muscle soreness and the fear of appearing or becoming too masculine. Furthermore, as reported by one study of Ebben W. et al., self-reported barriers preventing female demographics from approaching resistance training seem to be lack of motivation (if the goal is weight loss or body toning, why doing resistance training in lieu of cardio), a general dislike for the exercise proposed, lack of adequate knowledge and embarrassment.
Moreover, it is already possible to solve many of the 'barriers' reported in Ebben's study with the technology at our disposal. For example, the products included in Selection 900 Line feature the virtual coach Unity Mini, which allows guided training even on selectorised machines, so that even newcomers to "traditional" resistance training can understand the basics and carry out efficient and correct training sessions.
Breaking the barriers: traditional resistance training vs functional resistance training
Indeed, in a 2018 study conducted by Faro et al., a group of 34 college-age women undertook a 4-week resistance training programme, to test whether functional resistance training with respect to traditional resistance training led to higher engagement. The sample group was assigned a random circuit of both traditional and functional training exercises.
Therefore, once again the question is not if to do strength training at all, but how to do it being entertained while you seek the objective you really crave.