A woman is as young as her knees.
Of the 360 joints that can be counted in the human body, the knee is one of the most important synovial joints. Synovial because the heads of the joints are wetted by a fluid, called synovial or synovial fluid.
What causes knee pain?
It is documented that a sudden increase in exercise intensity (mileage) is a large contributing factor to the development of ITBS. Due to the potential increase tension in the iliotibial band (ITB) by altering hip and knee angles, several other possible causes have been identified: downhill running, wearing old shoes, leg length discrepancies, excessive pronation of the foot, tension in the ITB and weakness of the Gluteus Medius muscles. Treatment requires activity modification, massage, stretching and strengthening. The goal is to minimize the friction of the ITB as it slides over the femoral condyle.
The initial focus of the treatment should be to alleviate inflammation by using ice and anti-inflammatory medications under medical supervision. However, the individuals level of body awareness and capacity of modification in the activity are crucial factors to have a successful treatment and to prevent a relapse.
What does the iliotibial band syndrome consist of?
The iliotibial bendelletta (or tract or band) is the common tendon of two muscles, the big buttock and the tensor muscle of the lata fascia. It fits on the outer face of the tibia, just below the joint. In its course, it passes superficially to a bony protuberance known as the lateral epicondylous, from which it is separated by a serous sliding bag (which in reality is an emanation of the articular synovial with a purse function).
It is particularly widespread among football players, runners and cyclists, it can be caused by overloading or training on hard and irregular ground. Anatomical factors such as knee varism and hyposensitivity of the posterior muscular chain may cause the onset of ilio-tibial strip syndrome.