Is Resistance Training beneficial for Golf performance?

The role of resistance training in developing golf performance

Golf is an intermittent activity that combines walking, standing in the golf swing position, and striking the ball. One of the most important aspects of golf performance is the combination of accuracy and driving distance. Driving distance is influenced by many factors, this would include: skill, shaft and club head characteristics, the segmental sequence of action and the power output reached.

With this considered, it is evident that Strength and Conditioning training significantly benefits the development of golf performance. Furthermore significant positive relationships were found between average golf scores and power output. Additional aspects of performance such as vertical jump, grip strength in the dominant and non-dominant arm, velocity of trunk rotation and strength result in improved golf specific performance. These improvements would include further hitting distance, ball carrying distance, club speed and ball speed. In support to this finding it has been identified that a negative correlation was observed between left hip abduction strength and handicap level, further suggesting that strength training has a positive influence on driving distance without having negative effects on throwing accuracy.

Golf player injuried while playing Additionally, injuries preventative measures are a necessity in golf performance. Common injuries would include epicondylitis, chronic sprain, tendinitis, the carpal tunnel syndrome, knee pain, rotator cuff pain and low back pain. Injuries can be apparent to all participants, novice to professional. The occurrence of an injury could be due to multiple reasons, such as an insufficient warm-up, poor trunk flexibility and strength, a faulty swing technique, and overuse of targeted joints and/or muscle groups. A growing body of scientific evidence has demonstrated that strength training programs are an efficient method in reducing the likelihood of an injury. Golf tips: due to a golf swing being a highly compound movement, it is better to initially improve overall strength capacities with resistance machines and free weights or with Kinesis One, before field based training.

To conclude, data suggest that training leg-hip, trunk power and grip strength is especially relevant for golf performance and injury prevention.

References

ARTICLE:

  • Torres-Ronda L, Sánchez-Medina L, González-Badillo JJ. Muscle strength and golf performance: a critical review. J Sports Sci Med. 2011 Mar 1;10(1):9-18. eCollection 2011. PubMed PMID: 24149290; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3737887.
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  • Smith CJ, Callister R, Lubans DR. A systematic review of strength and conditioning programmes designed to improve fitness characteristics in golfers. J Sports Sci. 2011 Jun;29(9):933-43. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.571273. Review. PubMed PMID: 21547836.

Source

SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL:

  • Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
  • Sports Health Journal
  • Sport Medicine
  • Journal of Sports Sciences

ABSTRACT:

  1. PubMed, The U.S. National Library of Medicine - National Institute of Health, U.S.
  2. PubMed, The U.S. National Library of Medicine - National Institute of Health, U.S.
  3. PubMed, The U.S. National Library of Medicine - National Institute of Health, U.S.
  4. PubMed, The U.S. National Library of Medicine - National Institute of Health, U.S.

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